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Dunedin City Council – Kaunihera-a-rohe o Otepoti
Green pattern.

About this document

The Dunedin City Council (the DCC) has prepared this Waste Management and Minimisation Plan (the Plan) in accordance with its statuary obligations under the Waste Minimisation Act 2008 (WMA) and in keeping with its civic responsibilities.

The Plan includes:

Part one:

  • high level strategic statements, vision, goals and guiding principles
  • objectives, policies and methods
  • how the Plan will be funded, including waste levy grants
  • performance indicators by which to measure progress

Part two:

  • a summary of the Waste Assessment 2012


  • glossary
  • list of proposed actions

This Plan, replaces the Resource Recovery and Waste Management Strategy 2006 – 2016 (RRWMS).


The DCC has a responsibility under the WMA to ‘promote effective and efficient waste management and minimisation’ and, for this purpose, to ‘adopt a waste management and minimisation plan’

The Plan has been informed by a district-wide waste assessment. The full and final waste assessment report is appended to the Plan.

As well as the waste assessment, the DCC has consulted widely with stakeholders and special interest groups to plan and prioritise actions which will progress waste minimisation efforts and make improvements to waste management practices.

The Plan is supportive of a collaborative approach which will strengthen working relationships. The position taken understands that, to achieve zero waste, all factions must work together purposefully.

How the Plan will achieve its community outcomes will be presented in the DCC’s Long Term Plan (LTP). This includes how the DCC will fund waste and diverted material services and facilities over the LTP period.


The Plan covers collection, recovery, recycling, treatment and disposal, services and facilities in Dunedin, including waste minimisation promotion and education, whether provided by the DCC or others.

As far as possible, the current level of waste management and minimisation activity has been assessed alongside the forecast demand for, and future provision of, services and facilities under the jurisdiction of the DCC. This includes how existing and future activities will be funded.

Additionally, the Plan provides for a framework that would allow Dunedin to provide waste levy grants, enabling the allocation of funds to business and community-led waste minimisation projects and initiatives. DCC may also partner and/or endorse application to the Ministry for the Environment contestable waste levy fund to further promote and develop projects of scale that have the potential to contribute significantly to building local capability and for environmental protection.

DCC will conduct six-yearly reviews of its Plan with any significant variation notified and explained within the DCC’s LTP. The Plan and any amendments resulting from future reviews will be publicly notified in accordance with the LGA Special Consultation Procedure.

Legislative context

The Waste Minimisation Act 2008

The purpose of the WMA, Section 3 is to encourage waste minimisation and a decrease in waste disposal in order to:

a) encourage waste minimisation and a decrease in waste disposal in order to protect the environment from harm; and
b) provide environmental, social, economic and cultural benefits.

The WMA defines waste and diverted material as follows:

  • Waste
    a) means anything disposed of or discarded; and
    b) includes a type of waste that is defined by its composition or source (for example, organic waste, electronic waste, or construction and demolition waste); and
    c) to avoid doubt, includes any component or element of diverted material, if the component or element is disposed of or discarded.
  • Diverted Material means anything that is no longer required for its original purpose; and, but for commercial or other waste minimisation activities, would be disposed of or discarded.

The DCC’s Plan must also have regard to the New Zealand Waste Strategy 2010 (NZWS).

The New Zealand Waste Strategy 2010

The NZWS has two high level strategic goals:

Goal 1: Reducing the harmful effects of waste.
Goal 2: Improving the efficiency of resource use.

The NZWS recognises that in order to reach these goals, the responsibility is shared among all New Zealanders, central Government, local government (regional councils and territorial authorities), the waste industry, businesses and communities.

The NZWS provides the high level strategic direction for waste management and minimisation activities nationally, which underpins a suite of legislation, regulatory tools and best practice guidelines.

The following table shows the framework presented within the NZWS:

NZ Waste Strategy 2010

Table 1: Toolkit for managing and minimising waste in New Zealand

In addition to the above, the DCC must also meet its obligations under the Health Act 1956.

The waste hierarchy

Many in our community are familiar with the mantra ‘reduce, re-use, recycle’ but often the focus of attention is on available recycling and waste disposal services and facilities.

The Plan supports a reduction in waste generation, the re-use of materials in our homes, neighbourhoods, businesses and the district. It challenges us all to think in terms of material resource, rather than waste, to take personal and collective responsibility and to act accordingly. It aims to build our local capability, to retain and repurpose valuable resources and to become more conscious of the alternatives to landfill disposal.

The waste hierarchy provides strategic guidance for best practice by clearly identifying the order of importance when considering waste management and minimisation protocols.

Progression towards a zero waste future means prioritising actions that prevent or reduce the generation of waste or encourage the re-use of materials. This approach is the most successful at achieving a reduction of waste to landfill by the most affordable means as there is no or little dependency on service providers.

Opportunities also exist to improve the quality and range of material that can be recycled in Dunedin. This may offer opportunities to innovative business in the district that create jobs in line with growth in the local resource recovery sector.

The DCC gave careful consideration to the possibilities that arise from taking the perspective of the waste hierarchy from strategic planning to implementation of the Plan.

Waste Hierarchy

Figure 1: Waste hierarchy

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